Renewable Energy

We are in a world where we are consuming more of the conventional energy production sources with no concerns of its long term effects and availability. If this matter is treated with more concern then first we need to know why it is necessary to understand the need of going towards Renewable Energy and what does the concept of energy conservation explain to us.
Renewable energy is that which is generated from natural procedures and are not being consumed with their use. This includes sunlight, geothermal heat, wind, tides, water, and various forms of biomass. These forms of energies cannot be exhausted and are constantly renewed. This is an alternative to using fossil fuels. Mainly, these have negligible negative environmental impact i.e. these are also termed as Clean Energy or Green Power.
Commonly, there is a very little awareness of energy conservation among our communities. Even countries which are already facing energy crisis have very little knowledge about the conservative use of energy. Unfortunately the need for transforming our systems to alternative sources and conservative use of the energy is not appealing people at the rate at which it had to be. Electric appliances ON while not in use is the basic wastage of energy we witness in our daily lives. Also, utilizing artificial methods of temperature control while not consuming our environment at full capacity is also a waste of natural resource i.e. Energy wastage.

Benefits of Renewable Energy

Eco-Friendly

Human activity is overloading our atmosphere with carbon dioxide and other global warming emissions. These gases act like a blanket, trapping heat. The result is a web of significant and harmful impacts, from stronger and more frequent storms to sea level rise and ultimately extinction.
In this contrast, most renewable energy sources produce little to no global warming emissions. Even when including “life cycle” emissions of clean energy i.e., the emissions from each stage of a technology’s life—manufacturing, installation, operation, decommissioning; the global warming emissions associated with renewable energy are minimal.

In exhaustible Energy

Strong winds, sunny skies, abundant plant matter, heat from the earth, and fast-moving water can each provide a vast and constantly replenished supply of energy.
Compared with fossil fuel technologies, which are typically mechanized and capital intensive, the renewable energy industry is more labor intensive. Solar panels need humans to install them; wind farms need technicians for maintenance.
This means that, on average, more jobs are created for each unit of electricity generated from renewable sources than from fossil fuels.

Stable energy prices

Renewable energy is provides affordable electricity throughout, and can help stabilize energy prices in present and future.
Although renewable facilities require upfront investments to build, but they can then operate at very low cost. As a result, renewable energy prices can be very stable over time.

Reliability and resilience

Wind and solar energy systems are less prone to large-scale failure because they are distributed and modular in nature. Distributed systems are spread out over a large geographical area, so a severe weather event in one location will not cut off power to an entire region. Modular systems are composed of numerous individual wind turbines or solar arrays. Even if some of the equipment in the system is damaged, the rest can typically continue to operate.

Less maintenance of facilities

Once infrastructure for the harnessing of the renewable resource is laid down, there is low to zero maintenance required. This means that the owners of the facilities will reap big profits while providing cheap electricity to the population.

Empowering of people in the countryside

Renewable energy generation mainly takes place in remote settings. This means that local towns would get a fair share of power generated, ultimately, catalyzing the regeneration of those depressed areas both socially and economically. Electrification of those areas will open up untapped opportunities for development through the advancement of greenhouses using geothermal power, district heating of towns and communities through hot water generated by the energy exploitation of forestry and agricultural biomass.